Education

Motivational Factors

Conceptual change: going form cognitive state 1 to cognitive state 2 (aka, understanding weather). New idea has to be intelligible with prior knowledge, plausible, and fruitful. You might be dissatisfied with your original cognitive state, which will encourage conceptual change. If you’re satisified (it usually works, it’s productive, you get questions right on tests, etc.). […]

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Cultural Assimilation

Why attend school? Culutural assimilation perspective: to assimilate students into the dominant culture. People learn how to behave, important cultural knowledge, etc. Perhaps individualism is our culture. But even embedded with in this culture are many subcultures, cultures of many different grains. Critical Theory Perspective: students should become aware of and critical of culture. Why […]

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When and How Science, Math, and Engineering Programs must Partner

Noah Finkelstein is a leader in STEM research in undergraduate education. Teaches in one of largest physics research dep in US. Why education? Participation in a democratic society. So America can stay competitive. There is personal satisfaction in learning, and there is individual and societal empowerment alike. Finally, workforce and economic development (for creative solutions, […]

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Representation of Childhood Learning

How and what do children learn, and what can we learn from them? Piaget was perhaps the Darwin of educational psychology. Piaget carefully watched children, mostly his own, and was able to deduce so much from pure observation and no testing. Darwin, similarly, mostly only observed and had no understanding of DNA. We represented assimilation […]

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Social Context Practice

The ultimate goal of transfer is that from school to real life in everyday tasks. Usually school is fairly individual while real life is collaborative. We don’t get cheat sheets, but we can use tools; no ‘testing’ without any aid, though you still can be tested with a difficult situation under time pressures. We move […]

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Social Context

Metacognition: reflecting on comprehension -> selecting a strategy to learn better. It’s a monitoring of working memory. “I’m going to pay attention to this.” Conscious strategies for long-term memory (mnemonic devices are conscious memory tools). Metacognition in fact affects every learning step except for physiological perception. Social Phenomen: teacher-parent interactions, experimenter role in a stimulus-response […]

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Barriers and Methods of Conceptual Change

Analyzing Harvard graduate misconception: Harvard students don’t a 2-dimensional representation of a 3-dimensional phenomena. They don’t account for other hemispheres having change in seasons. Their retrieval attempts failed, so they had to come up with a solution on the spot. They don’t account for hemispheral differences of seasons. Structure of knowledge: 2 dimensional top-down representation […]

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Knowledge Structures

The case study is an implicit representation of principles, models, theories, the explanation an explicit representation. How is knowledge structured and how does that structure change? A model: a set of ideas that help us make sense of what we see. Example model: cause of seasons. The cause of seasons is from the tilted axis […]

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